Bit-Reversed Counting

References : Posted by mailbjl[AT]yahoo[DOT]com
Notes :
Bit-reversed ordering comes up frequently in FFT implementations. Here is a non-branching algorithm (given in C) that increments the variable "s" bit-reversedly from 0 to N-1, where N is a power of 2.
Code :
int r = 0;        // counter
int s = 0;        // bit-reversal of r/2
int N = 256;      // N can be any power of 2
int N2 = N << 1;  // N<<1 == N*2

do {
  printf("%u ", s);
  r += 2;
  s ^= N - (N / (r&-r));
}
while (r < N2);

Comments
from : wahida_r[AT]yahoo[DOT]com
comment : This will give the bit reversal of N number of elements(where N is a power of 2). If we want reversal of a particular number out of N,is there any optimised way other than doing bit wise operations

from : mailbjl[AT]yahoo[DOT]com
comment : There's a better way that doesn't require counting, branching, or division. It's probably the fastest way of doing bit reversal without a special instruction. I got this from Jörg's FXT book: unsigned r; // value to be bit-reversed // Assume r is 32 bits r = ((r & 0x55555555) << 1) | ((r & 0xaaaaaaaa) >> 1); r = ((r & 0x33333333) << 2) | ((r & 0xcccccccc) >> 2); r = ((r & 0x0f0f0f0f) << 4) | ((r & 0xf0f0f0f0) >> 4); r = ((r & 0x00ff00ff) << 8) | ((r & 0xff00ff00) >> 8); r = ((r & 0x0000ffff) << 16) | ((r & 0xffff0000) >> 16);

from : frankyfm[AT]web[DOT]de
comment : The way mentioned in the comment might be faster but is fixed to 32 bits. If you do a FFT with 1024 points you need 10 bits bit-reversal. Thus the originally mentioned algorithm is more flexible because it works for any bit width. If you use it for FFT (that's actually the only case you normally use bit-reversal) you either need to calculate the bit-reversal for each array index, so counting upwards in bit-reversal order is not such a bad way. I'm not sure whether the second algorithm is really faster than the counter if you consider the whole array. (There are 5 instructions per line making 25 instructions in sum for each calculated index with the second algorithm compared to 7 instructions in the counting algorithm)